basic health tips

How to perform cpr; know the essential steps.


CPR (cardio-pulmonary resuscitation) is one of those things you don’t think you need to learn it until you need to; which normally is a matter of life of death.

Like the long term clearly states, cpr is used in an attempt to get oxygenated blood(blood rich in oxygen) to flow from the lungs and alternately  be pumped by the heart to various body parts but mostly the vital organs for example  the brain whose cells will start to die after about 4minutes following lack of oxygen.

  • Why learn cpr anyway?

Because you will never know when the person next to you will suddenly collapse.

Of course not everyone who collapses needs cpr but it’s a something worth knowing.

  • Who needs cpr?

Anyone who has suffered a cardiac arrest for whatever reason for example from a heart condition, a drug overdose, a drowning victim; the list is long but those are the most common.

  • What do you need?

Your hands, face mask with an ambu-bag, defibrillator . You almost never have these equipment. A timer is optional.

  • How is cpr done?

Start by assessing for responsiveness, and if individual is not responsive, then call for help.

As help is on its way, check for circulation by checking pulse, then airway and finally breathing.

check the airway to make sure that it’s not obstructed by an object(it may be a case of chocking)

Then check for breathing by looking at chest rises; if absent or breathing is labored immediately start compressions

The order is; chest compressions, tilt the airway and then give rescue breaths. Finally check for pulse; if you can’t feel the pulse, continue with compressions.

Except in drowning victims and infants where it’s advisable to deliver some rescue breaths before you start compressions.

This should be done on a rigid surface and not a soft or bouncy surface.

  • Do 100chest compressions per minute with the heel of your hand firmly placed in between the nipples and one heel over the other at a depth of 2inches into the chest while counting out loud.

For infants you can use your index and middle finger to give compressions at a ratio of 15:1

Allow for the chest to recoil following each compression. This helps the heart to fill and pump more blood.

Then move on to checking for any spontaneous breathing, and if spontaneous breathing is absent, repeat the cycle of compressions, followed by  airway tilt to deliver air and checking the pulse until an ambulance arrives or assisted ventilation can be instituted.

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